|By Edward C. Corrigan
There are many Israeli critics of Zionism and anti-Zionist Jews in Israel where the conflict with the Palestinians is most apparent. In 1975 journalist Charles Glass estimated that 58 percent of Israel’s Jewish population fell into the antiZionist category. Most of this opposition was of a “leftist” variety. However, Glass also stated that “they represent 50 percent of the only significant debate in the country.”
Yeshayahu Leibowitz, the renowned scholar of Judaism and philosophy and the editor of several volumes of the Encyclopedia Hebraica had the following to say about Zionism and Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians:
Gideon Levy, the highly regarded columnist from the Israeli daily Haaretz, has also made a comparison between Germany in the 1930’s and Israel today.
Another Israeli intellectual Yitzhak Laor in an article, “The soft underbelly and the victim,” published in Haaretz also makes an interesting allusion to the past.
Here is what Gideon Levy writes on the prevalence of racism in Israeli society:
Here are the words of Yael Lotan, another Israeli author and journalist, on the subject of racism and criticism of Israel.
There was an interesting book review published in Haaretz, on February 29, 2008, written by Tom Segev. It was a review of a book titled, When and How Was the Jewish People Invented? (published by Resling in Hebrew). It is authored by Israeli historian Shlomo Zand (also spelled Sand). Prof. Zand teaches history at Tel Aviv University. The book became a best seller in Israel. Segev writes:
This information and arguments have been around for a long time but it is interesting to see them published in one of Israel’s leading daily newspapers and presented in a best seller written by an Israeli historian. Segev summarizes the arguments in Zand’s book as referencing many existing studies on groups that converted to Judaism, “some of which were written in Israel but shunted out of the central discourse.” According to Segev the book describes the Jewish kingdom of Himyar in the southern Arabian Peninsula, the Jewish Berbers in North Africa, Jews in Spain that arose from the Arab conquest, and Europeanborn individuals who had also become Jews. Zand also discusses the large Jewish Khazar Kingdom in the Caucasus. Segev writes,
It is somewhat ironic that issues and subjects that relate to the Palestinians and Zionism that are virtually taboo in North America are openly discussed in Israel. These same subjects are much more openly discussed in Europe and in the rest of the World.
The journalist Gideon Levy wrote the following commentary on Zionism and the Israeli Left in the Israeli daily Haaretz. Can you ever imagine seeing a similar opinion piece in the mainstream North American media? Levy wrote:
One of the most prominent Israeli critics is Avi Shlaim. He is professor of international relations at Oxford University. Shlaim is one of the world’s foremost authorities on the Israeli-Palestinian dispute and the author of The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World and many other books. Shlaim has commented on the character of the debate on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in North America,
In an article published in the International Herald Tribune the Oxford professor addressed the question, “Is Zionism today the real enemy of the Jews?” His answer was Yes:
After Israel launched its attack on Gaza on December 27, 2009 Shlaim published the following statement criticizing Israel’s actions.
Many other Israelis also protested the Israeli assault on Gaza. For example there is a letter from 22 prominent Israelis who published an appeal in The Guardian. They wrote:
Judge Richard Goldstone’s UN Commission of Inquiry which investigated the December 27, 2008 Israeli attack on Gaza and the Palestinian response made a number of findings that were critical of both Israel and Hamas. As reported in the New York Times, when, “Asked about accusations that he was antiIsrael,” Judge Goldstone acknowledged he was Jewish and said, “It is grossly wrong to label a mission or to label a report critical of Israel as being antiIsrael.” While the UN Commission of Inquiry was widely attacked in Israel there were a number of Israelis who supported its critical findings.
One of the most outspoken and courageous Israeli journalists is Amira Hass. Since 2000, Amira Hass has been the only Jewish Israeli reporter living in Occupied Palestine – formerly in Gaza City, and now based out of Ramallah. She is a correspondent for the Israeli daily Haaretz.[i]
There are many Israeli academics and intellectuals who are extremely critical of Zionism and of Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians. To quote a study published by a group affiliated with the Israel Academia Monitor:
The fact is that many Israelis academics and activists have voiced strong criticism of Zionism and Israeli state policy toward the Palestinians.
Occupation Magazine which is published by a group of anti-Occupation Israelis has an archive of over 36,000 articles, many written by anti-occupation Israelis and Jews from around the world. It also provides links to dozens of Israeli human rights organizations, many not listed in this article. These Israeli human rights organizations include B’Tselem, Machsom Watch, Rabbis for Human Rights, and The Israeli Public Committee Against Torture, Yesh Gvul, the movement for soldiers of the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) refusing to serve in the Occupied Territories and Refusniks, young Israelis who refuse to serve in the Israeli military. For a collection of Israeli opposition to Zionism and opposition to Israel’s treatment of the Palestinians one can review The Other Israel: Voices of Refusal and Dissent, edited by Roane Carey and Jonathan Shainin. It contains articles very critical of Israel’s policies, written by 27 prominent Israelis. The Forward was written by a prominent Israeli author and journalist Tom Segev.
The list of writers in The Other Israel include Ami Ayalon, former head of Israel’s General Security Service or Shin Bet; Yigal Bonner professor at Tel Aviv University; author David Grossman; Aviv Lavie Haaretz media reporter; attorney Shamai Leibowitz; Ishai Menuchin, a major in the Israeli Defense Forces Reserves and head of Yesh Gvul (the Israelis organization of selective refusal); Dr. Yigal Shocat former Surgeon General for the Israeli Airforce; Gila Svirsky chair of B’Tselem, the Israeli Information Centre for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories; and Sergio Yahni co-director of the Alternative Information Centre, among others already cited in this article.
There is a growing concern amongst some Israelis that there is a growing rift between diaspora Jews and Israeli Jews. Professor Yehezkel Dror, the founding president of the Jewish People Policy Planning Institute (JPPPI), “offered a somber take on relations between Israel and Diaspora Jewry” and pointed “the finger of blame at Israel’s leadership for the growing rift between the two.” Professor Dror stated that, “There is no ignoring the fact . . . that at the heart of the rift between Israel and Jewish communities abroad lies the notion that Diaspora youth have a negative views of Israel politically, nationally and socially.” 
Gideon Levy in an interview with Mario Vargas Llosa, the prizewinning Peruvian writer and a laureate of the prestigious Jerusalem Prize, published in Haaretz quoted the distinguished author saying that “only the dissidents will save the State of Israel.”
Other critical voices from Israel’s academia and activists circles include the late Professor Israel Shahak former Chair of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights; the late Baruch Kimmerling, Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Hebrew University of Jerusalem; retired Anthropology professor Jeff Halper now head of Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions; Tel Aviv University professor Gary Sussman; Felica Langer, a well known human rights lawyer who left Israel and now resides in Germany; Michael Warschawski, co-founder of the Alternative Information Center; Eitan Bronstein Chair of Zochrot, which means “Remember,” and works to remind Israelis about the Nakba or Palestinian catastrophe; the late linguist and journalist Tanya Reinhart, Professor of theoretical linguistics and Media and Cultural Studies at Tel Aviv University and at the University of Utrecht; the late Victoria Buch professor at Hebrew University; Avi Kleinberg, professor of History at Tel Aviv University; Dr. Yossi Dahan, Chair of the Adva Centre, manager of the Human Rights Division at the Academic College of Law in Ramat Gan, and an editor of Ha’Oketz; author Gershom Gorenberg; Sammy Smooha a sociologist who served as Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Haifa; Yossi Swartz professor at the Tel Aviv University Law School; Allegra Pacheco, an Israeli human rights attorney, noted for prosecuting the first Israeli torture trial; Rabbi Arik Ascherman, head of Rabbis for Human Rights;  Hannah Mermelstein, cofounder and codirector of Birthright Unplugged; Carlo Strenger, professor of psychology at Tel Aviv University; Oren Yiftachel, Geography professor Ben-Gurion University; New Israeli Historian Ilan Pappe, presently the Chair of the History Department at the University of Essex in England, and formerly of history department of the University of Haifa in Israel; world renown author Jacobo Timerman; Neve Gordon Chair of the Political Science Department at Ben-Gurion University; Avraham Oz, associate professor of theater at the University of Haifa; Dror Etkes, who headed Peace Now’s Settlements Watch Project for five years and now heads the Land Advocacy Project of Yesh Din, a group working against violation of Palestinians’ rights by settlers; Erik Schechter, the former military correspondent for The Jerusalem Post; Yosefa Loshitzky, Professor of Film, Media and Cultural Studies at the University of East London; Yacov Ben Efrat of Challenge Magazine; Amos Oz, who Steven Plaut describes as “arguably Israel’s bestknown writer;” and another famous Israeli writer with an international reputation, A.B. Yehoshua; Tikva Honig-Parnass, editor of Between the Lines; author and journalist Amnon Kapeliouk; Oren Ben-Dor, professor of Legal and Political Philosophy at the School of Law, University of Southampton, UK; Gilad Atzmon, author of two books and numerous articles, and also one of the most accomplished jazz saxophonists in Europe; prolific writer Israel Shamir; Amia Lieblich, professor of Psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and author of numerous books on the psychology of Israeli society including Tin Soldiers on Jerusalem Beach; Haaretz columnist Nehema Shtrasler; IsraeliAmerican human rights lawyer Sari Bashi; Adam Atsan an IsraeliAmerican who is involved in Kesher Enoshi: Progressives For Activism in Israel; author Akiva Orr; David Newman, professor of political geography at BenGurion University and editor of the International journal, Geopolitics; author Susan Nathan; author and journalist Yael Lotan; Israeli Television correspondent Yigal Laviv; professor of political science at Tel Aviv university Ze’ev Maoz; Haaretz publisher Amos Schocken; Haaretz editor Danny Rubinstein; and Yitzhak Laor, one of Israel’s most distinguished poets, novelists and a longtime editor and writer for the daily newspaper Haaretz, who also edits an independent journal of literature and political thought, Mita’am; Adi Opir professor of philosophy at the Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas at Tel Aviv University and also a fellow at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute; Akiva Eldar, Israeli journalist and author, currently chief political columnist and editorial writer for Haaretz; journalist Meron Rapoport; an orthodox Jewish studies professor who writes under the nom de plume of Jeremiah (Jerry) Haber and runs the Magnes Zionist blog; B. Michael one of Israel’s most respected journalists who until recently with writing for Yedioth Aharonoth; Ran HaCohen professor at Tel Aviv University’s Department of Comparative Literature and a literary critic for the Israeli daily Yedioth Achronoth; journalist Shraga Elam; Hillel Cohen Research Fellow at the Harry S. Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Haaretz journalist and editorial Board member Avirama Golan; Shai Lahav Editor of the art and culture supplement to Ma’ariv, the country’s most rightwing newspaper; journalist and former IDF conscript Seth Freeman; Yehouda Shenhav professor at Tel Aviv University and the editor of Theory Criticism, an Israeli journal in the area of critical theory and cultural studies; Eyal Sivan, one of Israel’s leading film makers; Elana Maryles Sztokman, author, educator, writer, researcher and regular contributor to The Jerusalem Post; Adam Keller journalist and a founder of The Other Israel; and Gideon Spiro, a former Israeli Sergeant and journalist; Israeli Professor Ada Yonath 2009 Nobel Prize winner for chemistry; to name only a few of the many Israelis who are anti-Zionist, non-Zionist or extremely critical of Zionism and Israel’s policies toward the Palestinians.
 See “Jewish Criticism of Zionism,” by Edward C. Corrigan, American Arab Affairs, Winter 199091, Number 35, pp. 94-116.
 Charles Glass, “Jews Against Zionism: Israeli Jewish AntiZionism,” Journal of Palestine Studies, Autumn 1975/ Winter 1976, p. 57.
 “Professor Leibowitz Called for Counter Terror: ‘Had I been Younger I Would Have Done It My Self,'” Yediot Aharonot, February 13, 1983, cited in Uri Davis, “Israel’s Zionist Society: Consequences for Internal Opposition and the Necessity for External Intervention,” Judaism or Zionism, eds. EAFORD and AJAZ, (London: Zed Books, 1986), p. 200. For more of his views see Joe Franklin, “Interview with Yeshayahu Leibowitz,” AmericanArab Affairs, Fall 1988, pp. 7577.
 “Elsewhere, perhaps,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, September 9, 2003. See also “One racist nation,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, March 26, 2006; and “The threat of the demographic threat,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, July 22, 2007.
 “The soft underbelly and the victim,” by Yitzhak Laor, Haaretz, August 26, 2009.
 “Ethiopian students affair shows prevalent racism in Israel,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, September 3, 2009.
 “Who is antiSemitic?,” by Yael Lotan, Hagada Hasmalit, November 13, 2007.
 “Controversial Bestseller Shakes the Foundation of the Israeli State,” by Joshua Holland, AlterNet, January 28, 2009.
 “An Invention Called ‘The Jewish People,'” by Tom Segev, Haaretz, February 29, 2008.
 For a somewhat critical review of the book see, “Jewish History Inventing an invention,” by Israel Bartal, Haaretz, July 2, 2008. It is interesting that this author also confirms many of the facts listed by Zand but contests the claim that this information was deliberately hidden as a way to promote the development of the concept of a common “national” origin of the Jewish people.
 Ibid. There is extensive documentation on Khazars’ conversion to Judaism. See for example D.M. Dunlop, The History of the Jewish Khazars, (Princeton University Press, 1954). Also See Arthur Koestler, The Thirteenth Tribe, (New York: Random House, 1976); Peter B. Golden, Kharar Studies: A Historico-Philological Inquiry into the Origins of the Khazars: Vol 1, (Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1980); “The Grand Illusion of Jewish Ethnicity,” by Alfred Lilienthal, Middle East Policy, Fall 1992, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 106-117; Martin Gilbert, The Dent Atlas of Jewish History (5th ed.) (J. M. Dent: London, 1993) p.24. The Gilbert map shows Khazaria as being approximately the same size the present day Ukraine; Kevin Alan Brook, The Jews of Khazaria, (New York: Jason Aronson, Inc., 1999). The conversion of the Khazars is readily acknowledged in a number of Jewish Encyclopedias. See for example The Jewish Encyclopedia Vol IV, (Ktav Publishing House), “The Chazars,” pp. 1-7; “Khazars,” The Encyclopaedia Judaica, (The MacMillian Company) Vol. 10, pp. 944-954; “The Himyarites and the Khazar Kings,” Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia, Norman Roth, Editor, (Routledge: New York and London, 2003), pp. 385-386; “Khazars,” The New Standard Jewish Encvyclopedia,( 7th Edition), Geoffrey Wigoder Editor in Chief, (Facts on File: New York and Oxford, 1992) pp. 554-555.
 For example see, “Across West Bank daily tragedies go unseen,” by Suzanne Goldenberg, The Guardian, April 27, 2002; “New Israeli Scholars Face up to Israel’s Origins,” by Eric Rouleau and “Are the Jews an Invented People” by Eric Rouleau, Le Monde diplomatique, 10 May, 2008; “Israel’s Lies,” by Henry Siegman, London Review of Books, January 29, 2009; “A crisis in Judaism: For many Jews today, Israel is not a normal state – it is a cause or ideal, and therein lies the problem,” by Brian Klug, The Guardian, January 15, 2009; “Israel’s war crimes,” by Richard Falk, Le Monde diplomatique, English edition, March, 2009; “Gaza, One More Bantustan: Palestine the view from South Africa,” by Alain Gresh, Le Monde diplomatique, English edition, August, 2009, pp. 45; “Israel’s state sponsored injustice,” by Seth Freedman, The Guardian, August 17, 2009; and “Israel’s culture of impunity,” by Sharon Weill, Le Monde diplomatique, September 2009.
 “Does Zionism legitimize every act of violence,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, February 12, 2009. For a similar opinion see, “Who is a terrorist?,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, April 16, 2006; and “Someone must stop Israel’s rampant madness in Gaza,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, January 16, 2009.
 Among his books are Avi Shlaim, The Iron Wall: Israel and the Arab World, (New York and London: W. W. Norton, 2001); and (as co-editor) The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948, (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001). His most recent book is Lion of Jordan: the Life of King Hussein in War and Peace, (London: Allan Lane/Penguin, 2007).
 “Israel free speech and the Oxford Union,” by Avi Shalim, Alternet and Informed Comment, November 13, 2007.
 “Is Zionism today the real enemy of the Jews: Yes,” by Avi Shlaim, International Herald Tribune, February 4, 2005.
 “How Israel brought Gaza to the brink of humanitarian catastrophe,” by Avi Shlaim, The Guardian, January 7, 2009.
 See, “Words and deeds in the Middle East,” The Guardian, January 17, 2009.
 “Inquiry Finds Gaza War Crimes From Both Sides,” by Neil Macfarquhar, New York Times, September 15, 2009.
 For an opinion article critical of Goldstone’s findings see, “Goldstone report unfair to Israel,” by Jeremy Sharon, Los Angeles Times, September 18, 2009. Jeremy Sharon is a researcher and writer based in Jerusalem. He has worked at a number of Israeli think tanks and served in the IDF Spokesperson’s Unit. See also “Disgrace in The Hague,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, September 17, 2009. For a discussion of articles published in the Israeli press supporting Judge Goldstone see “The Goldstone Report and the Debate in Israel, ” by Edward C. Corrigan, Dissident Voice, December 2, 2009. http://dissidentvoice.org/2009/12/the-goldstone-report-and-the-debate-in-israel/. It was also published in Occupation Magazine in Israel. http://www.kibush.co.il/show_file.asp?num=37067
[i] See for example her articles, “The founders of apartheid would be proud, The High Court of Justice is in no hurry,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, Janaury 17, 2007; “Pots of urine feces on walls how IDF troops vandalized Gaza homes,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, March 6, 2009; “Out of bounds?,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, September 3, 2009; “Mahmoud Abbas’ chronic submissiveness,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, October 6, 2009. Amira Hass is the Haaretz correspondent for the Occupied Territories. Born in Jerusalem in 1956, Hass joined Haaretz in 1989, and has been in her current position since 1993. As correspondent for the Territories, she has spent three years living in Gaza, which served of the basis of her widely acclaimed book, Drinking the Sea at Gaza. She has lived in the West Bank city of Ramallah since 1997. Hass is also the author of two other books, both of which are compilations of her articles.
 See ALEF WATCH IsraCampus.Org “Big brother is watching, and “Monitoring Israel’s Academic Fifth Column Following antiIsrael Extremism on the Israeli Campus.” The site lists 119 Israeli academics who are targeted by the organization and deemed to be “extreme critics.” Their web site is http://www.isracampus.org.il/index.htm. For an example an article critical of attacks made against Israeli academic’s who are opposed to Israeli policies toward the Palestinians see, “A McCarthyite attempt to brand academics,” by Lily Galili, Haaretz, November 30, 2007.
 “Our Inner Scourge: The Catastrophe of Israel Academics,” by Shlomo Sharan, ACPR Policy Paper No, 171, 2007 in cooperation with the Israel Academia Monitor.
 Israel Shahak, “The Racist Nature of Zionism and the Zionistic State of Israel,” The Link, Winter 19751976; and also Israel Shahak Jewish History, Jewish Religion, (London: Pluto Press, 1994); Israel Shahak and Norton Mezvinsky, Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel, 2nd ed. (London: Pluto Press, 2003). For an example of the work of the Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights see Report on the Violation of Human Rights in the Territories during the Uprising, 1988, (Tel Aviv: The Israeli League for Human and Civil Rights, 1988). For a more recent report see “Civil rights group: Israel has reached new heights of racism,” by Yuval Yoaz and Jack Khoury, Haaretz, December 9, 2007.
 “The Politicide of Palestinian People,” by Baruch Kimmerling, Dissident Voice, June 11, 2002. See also Baruch Kimmerling, Politicide: Ariel Sharon’s War Against the Palestinians, (London: Verso, 2003).
 “The 94 Percent Solution A Matrix of Control,” by Jeff Halper, Middle East Report 116, Fall 2000; see also “An Israeli Jew in Gaza,” by Jeff Halper, Counterpunch, August 5, 2008. Also “Dismantling the Matrix of Control,” by Jeff Halper, Middle East Report, September 11, 2009.
 “The Challenge to the TwoState Solution,” by Gary Sussman, Middle East Report 231, (Summer 2004).
 Felicia Langer, With My Own Eyes: Israel and the Occupied Territories 1967-1973, (London: Ithaca Press, 1975).
 Michel Warschawski, Toward an Open Tomb: The Crisis of Israeli Society, trans. Peter Drucker (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2004); also see “Citizenship Zionism and separation of religion and state,” by Michael Warschawski, Alternative Information Center (AIC), December 31, 2007. Reprinted in Occupation Magazine, January 8, 2008. “Normalization or Sanctions?,” by Michael Warschawski, Alternative Information Center (AIC), May 18, 2009. The Alternative Information Centre web site is http://www.alternativenews.org/
 “Eitan Bronstein Israelis confront Nakba denial,” Institute for Middle East Understanding, March 10, 2008; see also “A response to the proposal to ban commemoration of the Nakba on Independence Day,” by Eitan Bronstein, Zochrot, YNet News, May 28, 2009 (in Hebrew) republished in Occupation Magazine, Translated by Yuval Orr and Talia Fried. Zochrot’s web site is found at http://www.nakbainhebrew.org/index.php?lang=english
 “Don’t say You Didn’t Know,” by Tanya Reinhart, Yediot Aharonot, November 6, 2000; and Tanya Reinhart, Israel/Palestine: How to End the War of 1948, (New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002).
 “Israel’s Agenda For Ethnic Cleansing and Transfer,” by Victoria Buch, Counterpunch, September 19, 2007.
 “Sale of JNF land to Jews only is blatant discrimination that must be stopped,” by Avi Kleinberg, YNet News, September 26, 2007; “Nation of citations,” Aviad Kleinberg disturbed by citations given to IDF soldiers for avoiding innocent casualties,” by Aviad Kleinberg, YNet News, April 7, 2009.
 See IsraCampus.org.il and “Subversive Organizations” and Forbidden Words,” by Yossi Dahan, Ha’Oketz, July 20, 2005, reprinted in Occupation Magazine, June 23, 2005; “Invasion of the Settlers,” by Dr. Yossi Dahan, Ma’ariv/NRG, July 31, 2005 reprinted in Occupation Magazine, August 1, 2005.
 “The collapse began today,” by Gershom Gorenberg, Haaretz, July 15, 2008. Gershom Gorenberg is the author of The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements, 1967-1977. He blogs at southjerusalem.com. See also “The War to Begin All Wars,” by Gershom Gorenberg, New York Review of Books, Volume 56 Number 9, May 28, 2009. See also “Settling for Radicalism : How the Israeli government has fostered religious extremism and fractured its own democracy,” by Gershom Gorenberg, The American Prospect, June 15, 2009.
 Sammy Smooha, author of Israel: Pluralism and Conflict, (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul; Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1978); The Orientation and Politicization of the Arab Minority in Israel, (Haifa: The JewishArab Center, University of Haifa, 1984); Arabs and Jews in Israel. Vol. 1: Conflicting and Shared Attitudes in a Divided Society, (Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1989); and Arabs and Jews in Israel. Vol. 2: Change and Continuity in Mutual Intolerance, (Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1992).
 “Tired but Satisfied Israels Strategies in the Demographic War Against the Palestinians from 1948 to the Present,” by Yossi Schwartz, Alternative Information Center (AIC), October 7, 2008.
 “Closure and Apartheid: Eight Years of “Peace” through Separation,” by Allegra Pacheco, Media Monitors Network, February 15, 2001. Allegra Pacheco, an Israeli human rights attorney practicing in Bethlehem, is a founder of the Freedom of Movement Project.
 “If All Rabbis Were Like Arik Ascherman, Middle East Peace Would Be Attainable,” by Pat McDonnell Twair, Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, October 2001, page 15.
 “The end of Israel,” by Hannah Mermelstein, The Electronic Intifada, December 19, 2007; see also, “This land was theirs,” by Hannah Mermelstein, The Jewish Advocate (Boston), March 22, 2008. Hannah Mermelstein is cofounder and codirector of Birthright Unplugged, which takes mostly Jewish North American people into the West Bank to meet with Palestinian people and to equip them to return to their own communities and work for justice; and takes Palestinian children from refugee camps to Jerusalem, the sea, and the villages their grandparents fled in 1948, and supports them to document their experiences and create photography exhibits to share with their communities and with the world.
 “On the way to a pariah state,” by Carlo Strenger, Haaretz, September 25, 2007; “Zionism? PostZionism? Just give arguments,” by Carlo Strenger, Haaretz, December 20, 2007; and “I accuse,” by Carlo Strenger, Haaretz, September 29, 2008.
 Oren Yiftachel, “The Jailer State,” New Matilida.com, January 12, 2009, republished in Jewish Peace News, January 17, 2009. Professor Oren Yiftachel teaches political geography and urban planning at BenGurion University, Beersheba. Yiftachel has written extensively on the political geography of ethnic conflict. Among his books are: Ethnocracy: Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine, (2006, Penn Press), and Israelis in Conflict, ed. (Sussex Academic Press, 2004). He is an occasional contributor to Israel’s leading newspapers Haaretz and YNet News. Yiftachel is an active member in several peace and civil society organizations, including B’tselem, the Bedouin Council of Unrecognized Villages, Adva and is a founding member of Faculty for Israel Palestine Peace (FFIPP).
 Ilan Pappe, Britain and the ArabIsraeli Conflict, 194851, (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1988); and The Making of the ArabIsraeli Conflict, 19471951, (London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 1994).
 Jacobo Timerman, The Longest War: Israel in Lebanon, translated by Miguel Acoca, (New York: Vintage Books, 1982). He is the author of the best selling book Prisoner Without a Name, Cell Without a Number.
 “A state of all its citizens,” by Neve Gordon, The Guardian, April 20, 2007. See also, “Boycott Israel: An Israeli comes to the painful conclusion that it’s the only way to save his country,” by Neve Gordon, Los Angeles Times, August 20, 2009. For the reaction this opinion piece evoked see, “Hysteria follows LA Times op-ed,” MuzzleWatch click here See also “Education Minister slams Israeli lecturer’s ‘apartheid’ oped,” by Barak Ravid, Haaretz, Correspondent and Haaretz Services, Haaretz, August 23, 2009. For a balanced article see “University urges lecturer who endorsed boycott to resign,” by Ilana Curiel, YNet News, August 28, 2009. For an Israel academic opinion in support of Gordon see, “Israeli academics must pay the price to end occupation,” by Anat Matar, Haaretz, August 27, 2009. See also letter from the Middle East Studies Association Committee on Academic Freedom in Support of Professor Neve Gordon, dated August 27, 2009. See also “Ben-Gurion U. Debates Cost of Academic Freedom,” by Nathan Jeffay, The Forward, September 11, 2009.
 See IsraCampus.org.il and see “How much blood should be spilled in vain?,” by Avraham Oz, Occupation Magazine, August 23, 2005; “This is my country. As it is commonly known, “the only democracy in the Middle East,” by Avraham Oz, Occupation Magazine, September 20, 2005; and “Toughts of an Israeli War Resister,” by Avraham Oz, Occupation Magazine, July 25, 2006.
 “JNF’s blatant hypocrisy: Why can JNF land be leased to nonJewish immigrants, but not to Arabs?,” by Dror Etkes, YNet News, October 4, 2007.
 “Say goodbye to the JNF,” by Erik Schechter, The Jerusalem Post, August 5, 2007. The writer is the former military correspondent for The Jerusalem Post and is based in Tel Aviv.
 See, “Israel’s blonde bombshells and real bombs in Gaza,” by Yosefa Loshitzky, Electronic Intafada, January 5, 2009. Her most recent books are Identity Politics on the Israeli Screen, (2001) and (as editor) Spielberg’s Holocaust: Critical Perspectives on Schindler’s List, (1997).
 “A Palestinian State Within Two Years,” by Yacov Ben Efrat, Challenge Magazine, August 31, 2009. Challenge Magazine is an electronic publication which “covers the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.” Its web site is http://www.challengemag.com/en/home
 See, “Good Morning, Elijah: Amos Oz Does The Peace Tour,” by Steven Plaut, The Jewish Press, May 21, 2008; “Israel partly at fault We must assume partial blame for refugee problem in order to resolve it,” by Amos Oz, YNet News, April 29, 2007; “Amos Oz against Gaza invasion: ‘Ceasefire with Hamas’: “Kol Israel radio [interview], noted down [not verbatim] by Adam Keller, February. 12, 2008, interview on the occasion of Amos Oz receiving the Dan David Prize,” published in Occupation Magazine, February 12, 2008; and “Don’t march into Gaza,” by Amos Oz, YNet News, February 13, 2008.
 See for example “Separating Religion from National Identity Interview with Avraham B.Yehoshua: How the link between religion and nationality is unhealthy and immoral, and why nationality cannot depend on religion,” Palestine-Israel Journal, Vol. 8, No 4, 2001 and Vol. 9, No 1, 2002; “A.B. Yehoshua: Bush should recall ambassador until outposts dismantled Israeli novelist says Israel deceiving international community into focusing solely on illegal outposts, thus legitimizing settlement enterprise,” by Menachem Gantz, YNet News, January 20, 2008; see also “An open letter to Gideon Levy,” by A.B. Yehoshua, Haaretz, January 16, 2009; and reply “An open response to A.B. Yehoshua,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, January 18, 2009; and “Lend an Ear to Breaking the Silence,” by A. B. Yehoshua, Yedioth Ahronoth, July 21, 2009.
 See “Israeli WriterActivist Tikva HonigParnass, Who Fought for Israel’s Founding in 1948, on 60 Years of Palestinian Dispossession and Occupation,” Amy Goodman Interview, Democracy Now, May 16, 2008. Between the Lines address is P.O. Box 681, Jerusalem, Israel. Their web site is http//http://www.between-lines.org
 See Sabra & Shatila, inquiry into a massacre, by Amnon Kapeliouk, (Belmont, Mass: Association of ArabAmerican University Graduates, 1984); “The changing pattern of Israeli immigration,” by Amnon Kapeliouk, Le Monde diplomatique, November 1997; and “The Sharon plan Gaza: why Israel wants to leave;” by Amnon Kapeliouk, Le Monde diplomatique, December 2004; “Israel’s failed invasion,” by Amnon Kapeliouk, Le Monde diplomatique, September 4, 2006; also see “Israel: an army in power: Israel’s army no longer represents the Israeli people (religious exemptions have narrowed its conscript basis), while the people have lost confidence in the army. It has grown used to being an army of occupation and a police force for the settler movement, not to fighting wars – especially unwarranted wars,” by Amnon Kapeliouk, Le Monde diplomatique, November 2007; also see “A Fearless Israeli Journalist: Remembering Amnon Kapeliouk,” by Franklin Lamb, CounterPunch, July 1, 2009.
 “The Root Causes of Tragedy: The Ethical and Legal Challenges Facing Palestine,” by Oren BenDor, CounterPunch, December 15, 2005; “Israeli Apartheid is the Core of the Crisis,” by Oren BenDor, CounterPunch, June 23 / 24, 2007; “Despite It’s Military Might Israel is a Weak and Dying State: The Self Defense of Suicide,” by Oren BenDor, CounterPunch, January 1, 2009. His latest book, Thinking About Law: In Silence with Heidegger, was published in 2007 by Hart Publishing.
 “Israel’s Raids on Gaza and Lebanon: Echoes of the Wehrmacht,” by Gilad Atzmon, CounterPunch, July 1417, 2006; “From Delusion to Vindictiveness,” by Gilad Atzmon, Information Clearing House, October 13, 2009. Gilad Atzmon was born in Israel and served in the Israeli military. He is the author of two novels: A Guide to the Perplexed and the recently released My One and Only Love. Atzmon is also one of the most accomplished jazz saxophonists in Europe. His recent CD, Exile, was named 2006’s best jazz CD by the BBC. He now lives in London, England.
 “A Real Friend of Israel Wishes Its Army a Sound Defeat in South Lebanon”, by Israel Shamir, CounterPunch, July 29/30, 2006. See also “Jewish apartheid state, that deserves to disappear,” Media Monitors Network, April 2, 2002. Israel Shamir resides in Jaffa Israel. He originally from Russia and is an exIsraeli paratrooper. He has championed a “one state solution” for Palestine/Israel. He referred to Palestine as a “living country,” and its people the Palestinians, as “her soul.”
 “Sign of a society losing its mind,” by Amia Lieblich, Haaretz, June 30, 2007. Prof. Amia Lieblich’s book, Yaldey kfar etzion (“The Children of Kfar Etzion”) was published by Keter and the University of Haifa (in Hebrew).
 See, “How Israel’s gungho leaders turned victory into calamity: Our government, in its desperation to outgun its predecessor, spurned a glorious chance to come out of this with honour,” by Nehemia Shtrasler, The Guardian, August 3, 2006; ” So what have we done to them,” by Nehemia Shtrasler, Haaretz, December 19, 2007.
 See “Amid broad Israeli support for Gaza war a rare dissenting voice,” by Joshua Mitnick, Christian Science Monitor, January 16, 2009.
 “Coming Face To Face With Israeli Racism,” by Adam Astan, Mondoweiss, 3 August, 2009. Astan is an undergraduate student at the University of California, Berkeley.
 Akiva Orr, The unJewish State, (London: Ithaca Press, 1983) and Akiva Orr, Israel: Politics, Myths and Identity Crisis, (London and Boulder, CO: Pluto Press, 1994). Akiva was born in Berlin in 1931 and immigrated to Palestine with his family in 1934, growing up in Tel Aviv. He served in the Israeli Navy in 1948 and after the war studied mathematics and physics at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In the early 1950s, he became critical of Zionism, joining the Israeli Communist Party in 1953. However, in 1962, he broke from the party and jointly founded the antiZionist Israeli organization Matzpen. He has written several other books including The Other Israel: The Radical Case Against Zionism and the Direct Democracy Manifesto.
 See “Israel’s democracy and its Arab population,” by David Newman, The Jerusalem Post, October 5, 2009.
 Susan Nathan, The Other Side of Israel: My Journey Across the Jewish/Arab Divide, (New York and London: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2005); see also “Author no longer ‘in love with the Zionist narrative,'” by Deaglan de Breadun, Irish Times, July 28, 2005.
 “Antisemites!,” by Yael Lotan, Hagada Hasmalit, March 10, 2007; “Who is antiSemitic?,” by Yael Lotan, Hagada Hasmalit, November 13, 2007; “Messing with the Public Mind,” by Yael Lotan, Hagada Hasmalit, September 3, 2009, republished in Occupation Magazine, September 7, 2009.
 “The fascistization of Israel,” by Yigal Laviv, Al Tzad Smol, January 24, 2008, translated and reprinted in Occupation Magazine, January 27, 2008; see also ‘Still Small Voice’ of Israeli Media Dissent Over Syrian Nuclear Story September 17th, 2007at Richard Silverstein’s Tikun Olam web site, click here
 “Morality is not on our side,” by Ze’ev Maoz, Haaretz, July 25, 2006. He was commenting on the 2006 Israeli invasion of Lebanon.
 “Citizenship law makes Israel an apartheid state,” by Amos Schocken, Haaretz, June 27, 2008.
 “No writing on the wall,” by Danny Rubinstein, Haaretz, September 27, 2006; also see, “Haaretz Editor Refuses to Retract Israel Apartheid Statements,” by Ezra HaLevi, Israel National News, July 31, 2008.
 “You are terrorists, we are virtuous,” by Yitzhak Laor, London Review of Books, Vol. 28, No. 16, August 17, 2006; “Democracy for Jews only,” by Yitzhak Laor, Haaretz, May 30, 2007; see also, “A history of discrimination,” by Yitzhak Laor, Haaretz, May 27, 2009. Yitzhak Laor, is an Israeli poet, author, and journalist. He was born in Pardes Hanna, Israel in 1948. He is the author of five poetry books, 19 novels, plays, and article collections. He is mostly known for his poetry of political protest, particularly about the Lebanese War of 1982 and the Israeli occupation of Palestine. In his poem, “In a Village whose Name I don’t even know,” he imagines himself stranded in a Lebanese village: “For a moment I hoped that I would be caught.” He has published several collections of poetry, as well as short stories, essays, a play and two novels. His book The Myths of Liberal Zionism was published in English by Verso Books in February 2009.
 “A Response to Benny Morris: Genocide Hides Behind Expulsion,” by Adi Ophir, CounterPunch, January 16, 2004.
 See for example, “Palestinian state is not synonym for terrorist entity,” by Akiva Eldar, Haaretz, August 17, 2009. See also “U.S. is blind to limits of Palestinian politics,” by Akiva Eldar, Haaretz, September 14, 2009. Eldar’s columns also appear regularly in the HaaretzInternational Herald Tribune edition, as well as in the Japanese daily Mainichi Shimbun. He has lectured at the School of Journalism in Tel Aviv University and is also a consultant at CBS News. Eldar graduated from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he majored in Economics, Political Science and Psychology. After that he served as spokesperson for former Mayor of Jerusalem, Teddy Kollek. Then he was reporter and editor at the Israeli Public Radio. Eldar has been with Haaretz since 1978, in 19831993 he was the diplomatic correspondent for Haaretz. In 19931996 he served as Haaretz United States Bureau Chief and Washington, D.C. correspondent, covering the peace process, IsraelUnited States relations, American issues and IsraelDiaspora relations. He was a special consultant to Abba Eban’s PBS television documentaries on the history of Israel and the Oslo accords. In October 2007 Akiva Eldar has won the annual EliavSartawi award for Middle Eastern journalism, awarded by Search for Common Ground, an international conflict transformation organization, sharing it with Jordanian journalist Salameh Nematt. Akiva Eldar is the coauthor of the biography of Shimon Peres; he is also the coauthor (with Prof. Idith Zertal) of book Lords of the Land: The War Over Israel?s Settlements in the Occupied Territories, 19672007, (Nation Books, 2007).
 “Was 1967 a victory too far for Israel?,” by Meron Rapoport, Le Monde diplomatique, June 2007; “History Erased,” by Meron Rapoport, Haaretz, July 6, 2007; and also “Fifteen minutes of hate in Silwan,” by Meron Rapoport, The Guardian, August 31, 2009.
 “Zionism without a Jewish State,” The Magnes Zionist, August 12, 2007. “SelfCriticism from an Israeli, American, and Orthodox Jewish Perspective.” http://themagneszionist.blogspot.com The picture is not of him, but of his kind of Zionist, Judah Magnes.
 “We didn t mean to kill them Israel says it doesn t mean to kill Palestinian children yet they keep on dying,” by B. Michael, YNet News, May 4, 2008; “Stop the Lying,” by B. Michael, Yedioth Aharonoth, September 5, 2008. To my knowledge this article was not published in English on Yedioth Aharonoth’s English internet site YNet News. B. Michael is one of Israel’s most respected journalists. Article was translated by George Malent and published by the Israeli peace activist publication Occupation Magazine on September 10, 2008. Here is a quote from the article. “Everybody knows they all lie. And they all lie under oath. Because that’s the procedure.” If only the North American press would report what is written in the Israeli press. However, B. Michael was later fired from Yedioth Aharonoth see “B. Michael’s last column was censored by the newspaper,” Occupation Magazine, June 7, 2009. See also “Anti occupation columnist B. Michael fired please protest to Yediot Aharonot by phone,” Occupation Magazine, June 2, 2009. See also “What about the real sins?” B. Michael, YNetNews, March 6, 2009, republished by Occupation Magazine, March 3, 2009.
 See for example, “The Seeds of Fascism,” by Ran HaCohen, Antiwar.com, July 2, 2005; “Pacifying Gaza,” by Ran HaCohen, Antiwar.com., December 30, 2008; “Abe Foxman’s ‘AntiSemitic Pandemic,'” by Ran HaCohen, Antiwar.com., February 17, 2009.
 “Peace” with Violence or Transfer,” by Shraga Elam, Between the Lines, December 2000; “The Holocaust Industry Doesn’t act Against Israel as it did Against Switzerland,” by Shraga Elam, AlMajdal, (Autumn 2005); “Hamas’s Electoral Victory Serves the Israeli Government,” by Shraga Elam, Global Research, February 3, 2006. “The courage to refuse,” by Shraga Elam, Haaretz, September 20, 2007.
 “How has Israel dealt with the Internally Displaced?,” by Hillel Cohen, “Palestinian Internally Displaced Persons,” Al Majdal, (SummerAutumn 2006); see also Army of Shadows, Palestinian Collaboration with Zionism, 19171948, (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2008).
 See for example, “Enough of this demographic panic,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, February 17, 2004; “Caught between Jewish character and Jewish law,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, June 4, 2004; “Invitation to a kulturkampf,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, September 10, 2004; “Answers for the confused Israeli soul,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, October 12, 2004; “The Jews versus the Israelis,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, October 26, 2004; ‘Jew’ or ‘Israeli’?,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, February 9, 2005; “Where the ‘alliance of blood’ has led,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, February 17, 2005; “Less democratic, more ‘Jewish’,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, November 1, 2005; “The failure of multiculturalism,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, November 14, 2006; “Report: Israeli Jews increasingly antiArab,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, March 19, 2008; “Racist? Us?,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, March 19, 2008; “Democracy in a panic,”by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, January 14, 2009; “Zionism for Arabs,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, June 17, 2009; “Don’t convert,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, September 9, 2009; “When Judaism and Zionism lose all meaning,” by Avirama Golan, Haaretz, August 28, 2009.
 “Israelis who care,” by Shai Lahav, Breaking the Silence, July 29, 2009; “With baton in hand: that’s us,” by Shai Lahav, Maariv/Middle East News Service, original in Hebrew English translation August 23, 2009 published in Occupation Magazine.
 “Betraying our history,” by Seth Freedman, The Guardian, March 19, 2008; “All citizens must be equal,” by Seth Freeman, The Guardian, July 30, 2008; “Remove the blinkers and see the truth,” by Seth Freedman, The Guardian, December 17, 2008; and “How Israel drowns dissent, Firefighters turned their hoses on a peaceful antiwar protester last week: Their attitude reflects a worrying shift in public opinion,” by Seth Freedman, The Guardian, January 21, 2009.
 See “Arab Jews, Palestinian Refugees and Israel’s Folly Politics,” by Yehouda Shenhav, Sephardic Heritage Update, 13 December 2006. He is the author of The Arab Jews, (Stanford University Press, 2006).
 “Filmmaker: Israel regime like East German Stasi,” Interview in Yedioth Ahronoth Magazine Seven Days, November 6, 2006; and “AntiZionist Israeli to direct movie for Israel’s 60th birthday,” by Haaretz Service, Haaretz, April 29, 2007.
 “Racism in the name of religion,”by Elana Maryles Sztokman, The Jerusalem Post, September. 23, 2008.
 See “Paving the Way to the Abyss: The Gaza War and the wall of denial,” by Adam Keller, The Other Israel, May 2009. The Other Israel’s web site is http://otherisrael.home.igc.org/
 “The Israeli soldiers who say ‘There is a limit,'”by Gideon Spiro, Middle East International, September 9, 1988, pp. 1819. “Bad things happen when we are silent,” by Gideon Spiro, Red Rag Weekly, November 3, 2008, Translated and published in Occupation Magazine. See also, “Did it happen or not?,” by Gideon Spiro, Red Rag Weekly, August 24, 2009, translated and published in Occupation Magazine, August 27, 2009.
 “Israeli Nobel Laureate calls for release of all Hamas prisoners,” by Haaretz Service and Army Radio, Haaretz, October 10, 2009.
 See ALEF WATCH IsraCampus.Org “Big brother is watching,” and “Monitoring Israel’s Academic Fifth Column Following antiIsrael Extremism on the Israeli Campus.” The site lists 119 Israeli academics who are targeted by the organization and deemed to be “extreme critics.” Some of the Israeli critics I have listed are not even on their list. Isracampus web site is http://www.isracampus.org.il/index.htm. For a viewpoint criticizing the attacks against Israeli academics who criticize policies toward the Palestinians see, “A McCarthyite attempt to brand academics,” by Lily Galili, Haaretz, November 30, 2007. For more examples of writings see for example, “The Strategy Behind Israel’s Migrant Labor Policies,” by Yonatan Preminger, CounterPunch, August 20, 2009; and also see Michael Jansen, Dissonance in Zion, (New Jersey: Zed Books, 1987); see also “Key Zionist pioneer renounces Zionism,” by Helena Cobban, ‘Just World News‘, August 4, 2009. Also see also “Israel’s Own Psyche,” by Uri Avnery, Kaaleji Times, August 11, 2009. .
 Occupation Magazine’s website is http://www.kibush.co.il/index.asp
 For the links to the Israeli human rights organizations see http://www.kibush.co.il/links.asp?lang=1
 See, “One Big Prison: Freedom of Movement to and from the Gaza Strip on the Eve of the Disengagement Plan,” B’Tselem Report, March , 2005; and “Utterly Forbidden: The Torture and Ill-treatment of Palestinian Detainees,” B’Tselem Report, April 2007. “Beating & Abuse: B’Tselem and ACRI demand investigation of officers who testified to a policy of routine use of violence against Palestinian civilians,” B’Tselem, May 21, 2009.
 See http://www.machsomwatch.org/
 “Counterpoint: Rabbis for Human Rights the 20th anniversary,” by David Forman, The Jerusalem Post, August 28, 2008; “Rabbis call for immediate truce in Gaza: Dozens of members of Rabbis for Human Rights organization issue letter urging all those involved in fighting to work for immediate, comprehensive ceasefire in Gaza Strip, southern Israel. ‘The sanctity of life is a supreme value in Jewish tradition,’ letter says,” by Yaheli Moran Zelikovich, YNet News, January 13, 2009; “Authors Oz, Grossman sign petition calling for external probe of Gaza op: Following publication of soldiers’ testimonies according to which commanders in Gaza told them to shoot first and worry later, Rabbis for Human Rights calls on Netanyahu, Barak to order nonmilitary probe of IDF offensive,” by Tal Rabinovsky, YNet News, July 22, 2009. Rabbis for Human Rights web site is http://www.rhr.org.il/index.php?language=en
 “Ticking Bombs” Testimonies of Torture Victims in Israel,” Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI), May, 2007. “Shackling as a Form of Torture and Abuse,” PCATI Report, June 2009.”HCJ: Using threats, false promises and false presentations relating to the welfare of relatives of interrogees is prohibited,” PCATI Report, September 9, 2009. For examples of major articles published in Israeli media based on PCATI work see “Gazans detained in ‘giant pit’ during Cast Lead,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, August 15, 2009; and “Out of bounds?,” by Amira Hass, Haaretz, September 3, 2009. Their web site is http://www.stoptorture.org.il/en
 Yesh Gvul’s web site is http://www.yeshgvul.org/english.html
 At the time of writing 628 young Israelis had signed the pledge not to serve. Their web site is http://www.seruv.org.il/english/default.asp
 See my review, “The Other Israel, Voices of Refusal and Dissent,” Foreword by Tom Segev and Introduction by Anthony Lewis, edited by Roane Carey and Jonathan Shainin. (New York: New Press, 2002), Middle East Policy, Fall 2006, Number 3, pp. 140150.
 The Other Israel, Voices of Refusal and Dissent, Foreword by Tom Segev and Introduction by Anthony Lewis, edited by Roane Carey and Jonathan Shainin. (New York: New Press, 2002), pp. 207-208.
 “Prof Dror Israel, world Jewry drifting apart,” YNet News, January 23, 2008.
 “A writer’s reality,” by Gideon Levy, Haaretz, September 16, 2005.